World Immunization Week.
Immunization describes the process by an individual guarded against illness caused by illness with micro-organisms. It is the process of vaccination mainly protection against some disease. Vaccination helps prepare the body’s immune system, thus helping to fight or prevent an infection. World Immunization Week is being continued since 2012.
According to the “WHO” Immunization is the process whereby a person is made immune or resistant to an infectious disease, typically by the administration of a vaccine. Vaccines stimulate the body’s own immune system to protect the person against subsequent infection or disease.
World Immunization Week is a worldwide public health cause to raise awareness and increase rates of immunization against vaccine-preventable diseases around the globe. Immunization can protect against 25 different infectious diseases like Measles, diphtheria, pertussis, polio, tetanus etc..It saves lives and support people everywhere to get the vaccinations needed for deadly diseases for themselves and their children. Immunization saves millions of lives every year and is one of the most successful and cost-effective health interventions It takes place each year during last week of April.
Immunization Week was observed for the first time in 2012, with the participation of more than 180 countries and territories worldwide.
This year’s World Immunization Week campaign, celebrated from 24 to 30 April, aims to highlight that protecting entire communities with vaccines protects everyone and so the theme of this year’s campaign is “Protected Together #VaccinesWork”.
On the occasion of World Immunization Week 2018, WHO praises frontline vaccinators and their role in combating deadly diseases to ensure that people remain protected. Health workers’ efforts to increase immunization strengthens the foundation for strong primary health care and is a route toward universal health coverage.
Context in the World
Global vaccination and immunization are one of the challenges and threat countries are facing. Together WHO and UNICEF developed the vision of the Global Immunization Vision and Strategy (GIVS). GIVS is the first ever ten-year Framework launched back in 2003, aimed at controlling morbidity and mortality from vaccine-preventable diseases and helping countries to immunize more people, from infants to seniors, with a greater range of vaccines.
Immunization is also a basic strategy in attaining other health priorities, from controlling viral hepatitis to curbing antimicrobial resistance, to providing a stage for adolescent health and improving antenatal and newborn care.
As part of the 2018 campaign, WHO and partners aim to highlights the importance of immunization, and the remaining gaps in global coverage. It underscores the value of vaccines to target donor countries and importance of investing in immunization efforts.
It helps to the ways in which everyone – from donors to individuals – can and must drive vaccine progress. In order for everyone, everywhere to survive and thrive, countries must make more concerted efforts to reach immunization week goals by 2020. Additionally, those countries that have achieved or made forward progress towards achieving the goals must work to sustain those efforts over time – so that no person goes without life-saving vaccines.
Context in Nepal
It was the Year 1978/79 Nepal started Expanding Programmed on Immunization (EPI).By the next decade, the programmed was expanded to all the 75 districts of the country.
Immunization services for eligible beneficiaries are provided free of cost through EPI clinics in hospitals, other health centres, mobile and outreach clinics, Non-governmental organizations, private clinics. All vaccines are supplied by government and immunization-related logistics are supplied to these private institutions free of cost. Under National Immunization Programmed all vaccines are given free of cost to those private clinics, Nursing homes. In 27 the march amazingly Nepal has succeeded in achieving polio-free status, sustained maternal and neonatal tetanus
elimination since 2005, and Japanese encephalitis is in control status and conducting measles case-based surveillance to meet the target of elimination by 2019.On the Occasion of World Immunization week, 2018 many programs conducted through the country.
Benefits of Vaccination and Immunization
Immunizations can save your child’s life. A child can be protected against more diseases than ever before because of advances in medical science. Some diseases that once injured or killed thousands of children have been eliminated completely and others are close to extinction– primarily due to safe and effective vaccines.
Vaccination is very safe and effective. Healthcare, doctors, professionals careful review by scientists vaccines are given to the children and they are pre-tested in lab whereas vaccines will involve some discomfort and may cause pain, redness, or tenderness at the site of injection but this is normal compared to the pain, discomfort, and trauma of the diseases these vaccines prevent. A normal allergic reaction may occur but it’s very rare so vaccination is taken as disease-prevention benefits.
Immunization protects others you care about. Children in the U.S. still get vaccine-preventable diseases. Over the past few years, we can visualize a lot of recovery of measles and whooping cough (pertussis). There have been between 10,000 and 50,000 cases of a whooping cough each year in the United States since 2010 and about 10 to 20 babies, while some babies are too young for vaccination and died each year, others may not be able to receive certain vaccinations due to severe allergies, weakened immune systems from conditions like leukemia, or other reasons. It is important that you and your children who are able to get vaccinated are fully immunized for healthy and happy life which helps to protect whole society and prevent the spread of the diseases in our surroundings.
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